Section 51 of Contract Act, 1872

Section 51 of Contract Act, 1872

Promisor not bound to perform, unless reciprocal promisee ready and willing to perform

When a contract consists of reciprocal promises to be simultaneously performed, no promisor need perform his promise unless the promisee is ready and willing to perform his reciprocal promise.

Illustrations

  1.   A and B contract that A shall deliver goods to B to be paid for by B on delivery.
      A need not deliver the goods, unless B is ready and willing to pay for the goods on delivery.
      B need not pay for the goods, unless A is ready and willing to deliver them on payment.
  2.  A and B contract that A shall deliver goods to B at a price to be paid by instalments, the first    instalment to be paid on delivery.
     A need not deliver, unless B is ready and willing to pay the first instalment on delivery.
     B need not pay the first instalment, unless A is ready and willing to deliver the goods on payment of the first instalment. 

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